The next episode of Car Wars…..
In Mary Ellen’s article on West End parking, there was a link to the parking study in question, which was overlooked by most (including myself). With that, I decided to give the parking study its own post.
For your convenience, I extracted all the text from the PDF and pasted it below. The whole idea is this: We had this parking study made, why aren’t we even using it? Please read the entire study before you comment here or at the original Car Wars post. I guess, if you are too lazy to read the entire study, at least skip to the end and read the summery.
By Level G Associates
Phase One – West End
August 27, 2008
CITY OF LONG BEACH, NY
Purpose of Study
“To develop new parking management strategies designed to improve the Long Beach parking experience by changing current parking patterns that often leave residents, shoppers, visitors, and workplace employees with limited or undesirable parking alternatives”
Phase One – West End
- Successful commercial corridor pits businesses, beach goers, and residents against each other in a battle for parking spaces
- Parking demand exceeds supply
- Residents are unable to find parking near their homes
- Motorists searching for parking circle the streets creating unnecessary traffic volume [estimated to reach 40% at peak (15-100K-47K-700)]
￼Four Point Strategy
- Increase the parking supply
- Enhance and encourage off site parking/ Shuttle bus use
- Promote and facilitate expanded bicycle use
- Change parking regulations
￼1. Increase Parking Supply
- Build new parking lots (Connecticut = 30; Bank of America = 19)
- Re-configure existing lots (Vermont +8)
- Seek leasing or “shared parking” opportunities with private landowners (i.e.,Temple = 22 spaces)
- Increase on street supply via bus stop – fire hydrant coordination (+5)
2. Off-Site Parking / Shuttle Service
- Loop from Rail Station to Nevada Avenue turnaround and back – 4.2 miles
- 5AM to Midnight = 44 loops (avg.2.3 per hour)
- Parking is available at Rail Station during West End Parking Peaks (evenings + weekends)
- Marketing Campaign/WestEnd “Shuttle”
- “Park without stress….use the West End Express”
- Encourage off-site Employee Parking
3. Promote Bicycle Use
- The lack of secure bicycle parking keeps many people from using their bikes for basic transportation
- Create bicycle parking areas where possible
- Consider a “Bicycle Parking Ordinance” that would require off-street bicycle parking spaces for all new developments, expansions, or change of use applications.
4. Change Parking Regulations
- Establish Residential Parking Zones (RPZs) – Effective strategy to combat the problem of residents not being able to find a parking space near their home
- Establish fee-based general parking along Beech Street – Discourages long term parking in spaces intended for shoppers, visitors, restaurant / bar patrons – Allows capture of visitor capital to offset cost of additional services required – Helps finance improvements / beautification / parking expansion in the district
RPZ’s (Residential Parking Zones)
- West End Residential Streets – Assuming cars park in front of their own driveways the ratio of on-street parking spaces to houses is just over 1.5 to 1
- Add beachgoers, visitors, and spillover parking from Beech Street and the low ratio is stressed further. – reducing the number of cars searching for parking in residential areas – reducing the number of bar / restaurant patrons walking through residential areas
- Limits to be determined (East to Lindell Blvd?)
Recommended Phase One RPZ Permit Distribution
- Up to 2 per legal household (free or modest fee). Two Family homes get 4. Requires copy of tax bill and vehicle registration (vehicles must be registered to an address in the RPZ)
- 1 per legal apartment. Requires copy of lease, gas or electric bill, and vehicle registration
- Special situations will be considered on a case by case basis
- After careful observation of parking utilization in the RPZ, additional permits may be made available
Fee-Based Parking. Who’s Charging?
- 25¢ per hour – Huntington, Lynbrook, Westbury, New Hyde Park, Hempstead, Manhasset, Port Washington, Floral Park, Great Neck
- 50¢ per hour – Rockville Centre, Mineola, Roslyn, Port Jefferson
- “The High Cost of Free Parking” (Shoup, 2005)
- New Generation multi space meters (recommended)
- Vandal resistant, multiple payment options, better internal controls, measurement, aesthetics, easier collection
- Traditional single space meters are not recommended: aesthetics; maintenance; labor intensive collections
Multi-Space Meters – How They Work
- Pay & Display – spaces are not numbered; – customer parks car and proceeds to a nearby pay station; – customer purchases desired amount of parking time; – customer takes receipt and displays receipt on car dashboard as proof of payment – Very similar to NYC (muni-meters)
Pros & Cons
- Pros – easy to enforce – customers can move car to a new location if receipt still has available time – maximizes parking supply – reduced cash handling – multiple payment options
- Cons – learning curve – queuing at machines
￼Preliminary Operating Program
- 50¢ per hour / 25¢ in off-season • 3 hour limit
- In effect from 10AM to 10PM; 7 days / week (summer); 6 days /week (off-season)
- Beech Street from Nevada to May Walk (no side streets)
- Total metered parking = 340; on-street = 230; off-street = 110.
- Required to insure compliance with new regulations
- Minimum 3 PEOs required to cover West End
- Need to enforce meters, extended time / meter feeding (via chalking), and RPZs
- Recommend bicycle patrols – weather permitting
- Equipment – hand held computers
- PEOs as district “ambassadors” – hand helds can print out directions; coupons; warnings
￼Summary – Program Benefits
- Residential Parking Zones (RPZs) will create reserved parking areas intended to enable West End residents to park near their homes.
- The new program will introduce a total of 35 additional usable parking spaces into the area.
- A renewed shuttle service will offer a stress free parking alternative for West End visitors and employees.
- Expanded bicycle parking areas will increase bicycle trip rates.
- Paid parking along the Beech Street corridor will improve parking space turnover – opening spaces at a greater rate.
- Additional revenue can be used to finance improvements, beautification, and parking expansion in the West End. Also allows capture of visitor capital…..reduces taxpayer subsidy of “free parking”
- The volume of traffic circling for open parking spaces will be reduced, thus improving safety and reducing energy consumption.